Course descriptions

Compulsory Courses in the Bachelor of Laws

All subject content requirements specified in the Fifth Schedule to the Legal Practitioner's Admission Rules 1994 NSW will be met. In addition, broader overviews of these courses and the remainder of our compulsory and elective courses are provided below. Notre Dame emphasizes the value of the human person and the importance of maintaining an ethical way of life. In keeping with such emphasis, all students complete core courses in ethics, philosophy and theology dealing with issues that go to the very heart of participation in public life.

Level 1 courses

LAWS1000 Legal Research and Writing
Legal Research and Writing is an introductory core skills course for Law.  Students will learn how to solve legal problems and approach law assignments; how to find, interpret and use primary and secondary sources; how to distinguish credible from non-credible sources; how to communicate clearly and persuasively in academic and professional contexts; and how to reference appropriately. Students will also learn generic study skills applicable outside of a Law course.

LAWS1010 Legal Process and Statutory Interpretation
This course introduces students to a critical understanding of the institutions and practices that are basic to the law in Australia. This course provides a foundation for later courses, both in its content and its method of teaching, within the context of legal problem solving. Students will be encouraged to reflect critically on aspects of the legal system, which includes an introduction to the historical and philosophical sources of such elements as the adversarial system, the structure of courts and tribunals and the roles of lawyers and judges. This course also introduces students to the key principles of and approaches to statutory interpretation, which is an essential legal skill.

LAWS1029/LAWS1020 Legal History
The aim of this course is to give the student an appreciation of the sources and development of the common law, equity and our legal institutions. The way in which the law has developed as society has changed and has adapted to differing demands and circumstances provides the key to a proper understanding of the law in its modern environment. It will trace the development of legal ideas and disciplines from English history around 1066 to modern day Australia. Historical development of the law will be examined through such topics as the on-going relationship between the common law and equity, the contribution of Christianity in general to the development of the law and the legal aspects of British settlement of Australia, Legal History gives us an insight into how and why our legal system today is what it is. It gives us the opportunity to trace our origins and developments to obtain a better understanding of what the legal profession is and how we are a part of it.


Level 2 courses

LAWS2119/LAWS2110 Principles of Contract Law A
Pre-requisites or Co-requisites: LW100/LAWS1000 Legal Research and Writing, LW1010/LAWS1010 Legal Process and Statutory Interpretation; LAWS2529/LAWS2520 Criminal Law B
Contracts are legally enforceable promises or agreements. This course will focus on the principles of contract law governing the formation of a contract. It will also include the separate doctrine of equitable estoppel. This course will also cover some principles governing the content, effect and enforceability of contractual terms (with additional principles covered in Contract Law B). Relevant principles from common law, equity and statute will be covered. This course will be taught with a practical focus and thus students will be assessed on their ability to identify relevant legal issues in a contractual dispute and create appropriately reasoned solutions.

LAWS2129/LAWS2120 Principles of Contract Law B
Pre-requisites: LAWS2119/LAWS2110 Principles of Contract Law A
This course will focus on the principles of contract law governing performance, discharge and breach of contract and remedies for breach. It will also include the separate doctrine of restitution. This course builds on Contract Law A and the relevant principles from common law, equity and statute. Students will be assessed on their ability to identify relevant legal issues in a contractual dispute and create appropriately reasoned solutions.

LAWS2219/LAWS2210 Torts A
Pre-requisite Or Co-requisite: LW100/LAWS1000 Legal Research and Writing, LW1010/LAWS1010 Legal Process and Statutory Interpretation; LAWS2529/LAWS2520 Criminal LawB
In this course, students will examine a variety of torts.  The intentional torts will be covered, alongside a sampling of other torts such as nuisance or defamation.  Unifying topics such as vicarious liability, multiple tortfeasors, apportionment of liability, limitation of actions and wrongful death will also be covered.
There are many important contested issues in the law of torts, which speak to how our society should regulate civil wrongdoing.  Students will engage with these debates and critically evaluate the direction that the law has taken.  Students will also provide basic legal advice to clients in relation to the various torts that have been considered.

LAWS2229/LAWS2220 Torts B
Pre-requisite: LAWS2219/LAWS2210 Torts A
This course examines the tort of negligence which concerns the negligent infliction of harm by one party on another. The injury sustained may be to their body, their property, their economic interests or their mental health, and the law deals with each type of injury differently. Additionally the law of negligence has specific rules concerning the allocation of risk to occupiers, public bodies, and rescuers among others.
The law in this area is complex, often contentious, and has important social ramifications.  Students will consider the current law in depth, and critically evaluate it.  They will also provide basic legal advice to clients.

LAWS2309/LAWS2300 Contemporary Legal Issues
Pre-requisites: LAWS2529/LAWS2520 Criminal Law B; LAWS2129/LAWS2120 Contract Law B; LAWS2229/LAWS2220 Torts B; LAWS2429/LAWS2439/LAWS2420 Property Law B; Core units: LAWS1049/LAWS1040 OR CORE1002, CORE1010 or CORE1001; CORE1030 or CORE1003
Students are invited to explore the law as it relates to controversial and contemporary subjects. Topics are dependent on the issues of the day.
Students will develop a detailed understanding of the merits of the different positions that are adopted on any given topic.  They are required to think critically about the strengths and weaknesses of the law as it stands, and present suggestions for how it may be improved.
Students will reflect on the appropriate role that morality should play in the development of the law, and understand the Catholic perspective on any given topic.

LAWS2319/LAWS2310 Equity
Pre-requisites: LAWS2129/LAWS2120 Contract Law B; LAWS2229/LAWS2220 Torts B
This course introduces students to the origin and nature of Equity and examines several of the most fundamental equitable doctrines (such as estoppel, fiduciary obligations and breach of confidence) in order to illustrate the manner in which the law of Equity functions in Australia today.

LAWS2329/LAWS2320 Trusts
Pre-requisite: LAWS2319/LAWS2310 Equity
This course will build on the students’ knowledge of Equity by examining in detail the law of Trusts.  Students will become familiar with the fundamental nature of trusts, the most important varieties of trust, and the essential requirements for creating a valid trust, the rights of trustee and beneficiary, and the legal rules pertaining to breach of trust.

LAWS2419/LAWS2410 Property Law A
Pre-requisites: LW100/LAWS1000 Legal Research and Writing, LW1010/LAWS1010 Legal Process and Statutory Interpretation, LAWS2529/LAWS2520 Criminal Law B AND Pre-requisite or Co-requisite: LAWS2119/LAWS2110 Contract Law A & LAWS2219/LAWS2210 Torts A
This course will focus on fundamental common law, equitable and statutory principles of property law such as the nature of property, formal requirements for the creation and transfer of proprietary interests, co-ownership of property, the difference between legal and equitable proprietary interests, and the rules for determining priority disputes between competing claims for property and the doctrine of native title.

LAWS2429/LAWS2420 Property Law B
Pre-requisite: LAWS2419/LAWS2410 Property Law A
Students will examine the application of fundamental common law, equitable and statutory principles of property law under the Torrens System of Land. It will extend students’ understanding of property law concerning the concept of indefeasibility of title, leases, easements, restrictive covenants and mortgages.

LAWS2510 Criminal Law A
Co-requisites or pre-requisites: LW100/ LAWS1000 Legal Research and Writing, LW1010/LAWS1010 Legal Process and Statutory Interpretation
This course provides an introduction to criminal offences and criminal procedure. While the focus will be on the relevant State jurisdiction, aspects of Federal criminal law will also be introduced. The course will predominantly deal with matters that need to be proved to successfully prosecute major criminal offences.

LAWS2520 Criminal Law B
Pre-requisites: LAWS2519/LAWS2510 Criminal Law A
This course provides an introduction to criminal offences and criminal procedure. While the focus will be on the relevant State jurisdiction, aspects of Federal criminal law will also be introduced. The course will predominantly deal with matters that need to be proved to successfully prosecute major criminal offences.


Level 3 courses

LAWS3001 Evidence
Pre-requisites: LAWS2529/LAWS2520 Criminal Law B; LAWS2129/LAWS2120 Contract Law B; LAWS2229/LAWS2220 Torts B
This course deals with the theory and practice relating to the laws of Evidence in both State and Federal jurisdiction across a variety of topics. The key principles governing the procedural rules relating to the collection and admission of evidence are considered, along with the rules of admissibility and the judicial discretion to exclude evidence. The focus will be on the practical application of these principles in the practice of law.

LAWS3002 Administrative Law
Pre-requisites: LAWS2229/LAWS2220 Torts B; LAWS2319/LAWS2310 Equity
Administrative law is concerned with the operation of government and the principles of sound public administration and decision-making. It includes Parliament, the Executive, statutory tribunals and semi-governmental organisations.
The Course covers major aspects of both Merits Review and Judicial Review at the Commonwealth and State level and the growth of public enquiries. The Course will provide students with fundamental legal knowledge and skills to address administrative law problems, and to advise and represent clients affected by governmental power and decisions.

LAWS3003 Constitutional Law
Pre-requisites: LAWS2229/LAWS2220 Torts B
Constitutional Law deals with the rules that make up the system of government in Australia. The course identifies the difference between the state and federal constitutions, but the focus is on the distinctively federal aspects of the Australian Constitutional system, and in particular the division of the legislative, executive, judicial and financial powers between the Commonwealth and the States. The course begins with an introduction to the sources of constitutional law, types of constitutions, the philosophical underpinnings of constitutions and fundamental principles of constitutionalism including the rule of law, the separation of powers, representative democracy and federalism.  Against this background the course also undertakes a critical examination of selected enumerated legislative powers of the Commonwealth including the External Affairs Power, Defence Power, Corporations Power, Trade and Commerce Power and the Taxation Power. The course will also address various constitutional rights and freedoms.

LAWS3004 Contemporary Issues in Administrative Law
Pre-requisites: LAWS3002 Administrative Law OR LAWS3329 Administrative Law B
This course builds on central principles of the Administrative Law course. It provides a critical understanding of the extent and efficacy of government power and standards of good administration in selected contemporary Administrative Law areas. Topics of discussion include Australia's international obligations in the processing of refugees and other immigrants and the appropriate balance between security legislation and personal liberty. This course will also examine the resurgence of specific area investigative bodies such as royal commissions and anti-corruption commissions.

LAWS3005 Advanced Evidence
Pre-requisite: LAWS3001 Evidence OR LAWS3249 Evidence B
This course expands on laws of evidence introduced in the Evidence course. The focus will be on how the theoretical underpinnings of Evidence impact on practical outcomes in rules and discretions surrounding the admissibility of evidence. It is recommended for students whose career interests include significant quantities of court work.

LAWS3006 Advanced Constitutional Law
Pre-requisite: LAWS3003 Constitutional Law OR LAWS3429 Constitutional Law B
This course builds on foundational theory and principles studied in Constitutional Law and provides a deeper understanding of Constitutional Law from an international perspective. This course also focuses on the role of the High Court, current High Court judgments, practice and procedure in the High Court, preparing for constitutional litigation in the High Court, and the role of the interveners and amicus.

LAWS3007 Advanced Civil Procedure
Pre-requisite: LAWS4001 Civil Procedure OR LAWS4649/LW464.1 Civil Procedure B
In this course students will learn how to manage the more complicated aspects of civil cases by themselves. Because the legislature regularly refine civil procedure rules, topics will vary but will include detailed analysis of discovery processes, the preparation, examination and cross-examination of expert witnesses and steps that can be taken to avoid responsibility for party-party costs. Students will also learn how to navigate the ethical challenges arising under the "just, quick and cheap" requirement imposed in Civil Procedure legislation.

LAWS3010 Banking Law
Pre-requisites: LAWS1000 Legal Research and Writing, LAWS1010 Legal Process and Statutory Interpretation, LAWS2520 Criminal Law B (Defences).
Co-requisites: Students must complete all core curriculum units before undertaking elective units. These are: TH101, PH100, LW104/LAWS1040

This course explores the law, policies, regulation and practice of banks within Australia.  It will address the relationship between customers and banks.  Furthermore it addresses issues such as the law of negotiable instruments; different types of accounts; payment services/electronic banking; regulation of virtual currencies as well as documentary letters of credit.  This course will also consider current national and international issues in banking.

LAWS3011 Refugee Law
Pre-requisites: LAWS1000 Legal Research and Writing, LAWS1010 Legal Process and Statutory Interpretation, LAWS2520 Criminal Law B (Defences).
Co-requisites: Students must complete all core curriculum units before undertaking elective units. These are: TH101, PH100, LW104/LAWS1040

The course will examine the history, sources and framework of the international and domestic system of protection, the critical question of the 'definition of a refugee', and the fundamental rights arising under the Refugee Convention and through new forms of 'complementary protection'. The course will further address procedural standards, reception conditions and the controversial trend toward the 'externalisation of asylum', as well the fundamental problems of burden sharing, international co-operation, and prospects for reform. The course is thus historical, comparative and socio-legal in its orientation; but also progressive, as it intends to heighten a critical awareness and an ethical resolve towards a 'refugee problem' which essentially cannot be solved.

LAWS3012 International Business and Trade in Antiquities, Art and Cultural Property
Pre-requisites: Students must have completed 200 credit points in law to be eligible to enrol
This course examines the relationship between cultural heritage and law. Students will become familiar with international conventions aimed at the protection of cultural heritage and a selection of the domestic laws which have been developed to govern trade in antiquities, art and cultural objects. Students will also engage with the ethical issues underlying cultural heritage claims.

LAWS3219/LAWS3210 Corporations and Partnerships
Pre-requisites: LAWS2429/LAWS2439/LAWS2420 Property Law B; LAWS2319/LAWS2310 Equity
The incorporated body is the basic legal entity of commerce. Students will learn the principles of company law including the responsibilities of those who conduct business through incorporated structures. Principles learned will include the nature of legal entity status, directors' duties and the division of power between shareholders and directors, how shareholding can be differentiated; and the difference between a partnership and a corporation.

LAWS3249 Evidence B
The course will cover topics such as hearsay and res gestae; documentary evidence; the admissibility of confessions and admissions; opinion evidence; similar fact/propensity/tendency evidence; illegally obtained evidence; identification evidence; and corroboration.

LAWS3329 Administrative Law B
Administrative law is concerned with the operation of government, including the Parliament, the Executive, statutory tribunals and semi-governmental organisations. It is an area of law that commonly affects the daily lives of citizens. The essential aim of administrative law is to ensure that citizens are treated fairly by administrative (that is, governmental) decision making processes. Administrative Law B will continue to build on the knowledge and skills taught in Administrative Law A. That is, to provide students the skills to answer a legal problem question in the classroom and to provide students with the qualifications necessary to advise and represent clients affect by governmental power and decisions. In particular Administrative Law B will focus on the concept of Judicial Review; that is, review by the courts of governmental power and decisions.

LAWS3429 Constitutional Law B
This course will build on students' understanding of the issues covered in Constitutional Law A, in two main ways. Firstly, by examining express rights and limitations on the Commonwealth Parliament including freedom of religion and freedom of interstate trade. Secondly, by focusing on the distinctively federal aspects of the Australian Constitutional system, in particular, the enumerated legislative and financial powers of the Commonwealth government.  The enumerated powers that will be examined include the Corporations Power, External Affairs Power, Defence Power and Acquisition of Property Power. The financial powers of the Commonwealth government that will be examined include the Taxation Power, the exclusive power to levy excise duties, and federal government spending and grants.

LAWS3740 Law in Context (International)
Pre-requisite: LAWS1000 Legal Research and Writing, LAWS1010 Legal Process and Statutory Interpretation, LAWS2520 Criminal Law B (Defences)
This course involves participation in a legally-focused, international experience.  Students gain valuable practical and professional skills, learning from legal experts in an international setting.  The course uses experiential learning for example, visits to sites of legal significance, attendance at local universities, meeting with Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs), observation of courts or working with legal service providers.  This course provides students with insight into the law of a non-Australian jurisdiction.  In addition to substantive questions of law, students will explore issues such as ethical decision-making, leadership development, and balancing the needs of the individual, the community and the sustainability of the natural environment.


Level 4 courses

LAWS4001 Civil Procedure
Pre-requisites: LAWS3002 Administrative Law OR LAWS3329 Administrative Law B
This course will provide students with an overview of civil procedure. The focus of the course will be dispute resolution pursuant to the relevant legislation, rules, court practices and ethical obligations that apply to legal practitioners engaged in dispute resolution. Students will learn how to apply civil procedure to practical legal scenarios.

LAWS4059/LAWS4050 Remedies
Pre-requisites: LAWS2129/LAWS2120 Contract Law B, LAWS2229/LAWS2220 Torts B; LAWS2329/LAWS2320 Trusts; LAWS3002 Administrative Law OR LAWS3329 Administrative Law B AND Pre-requisite or Co-requisite: LAWS4001 Civil Procedure OR LW4649/LW464.1 (This is deleted) Civil Procedure B
Remedies is a capstone course that ties together the concepts studied in previous courses.  Topics covered include consideration of the damages available in tort and in contract. Various equitable remedies are also considered. These include restitution, rescission, specific performance, and account of profits, injunctions, equitable compensation and damages, Mareva Orders, Anton Piller Orders, Rectification and Declarations.

LAWS4209/LAWS4200 Public International Law
Pre-requisites: LAWS2129/LAWS2120 Contract Law B, LAWS2229/LAWS2220 Torts B; LAWS2429/LAWS2439/LAWS2420 Property Law B; LAWS2329/LAWS2320 Trusts; LAWS3002 Administrative Law OR LAWS3329 Administrative Law B
In this course students will be provided with an introduction to public international law. Contemporary problems in the field of public international law are examined by reference to key areas including the natural law and Judeo-Christian foundations of international law,  the nature of international law; sources of international law (including treaties, customary international law, general principles of international law and juristic opinions); the relationship between international law and domestic (Australian) law; the United Nations system; principles of state responsibility; jurisdiction & immunities; self-determination & secession; and international law and the use of force.

LAWS4410 Advanced Research Project A
Pre-requisites: At Course Coordinator's/Dean's discretion OR By invitation only.
The course is the first of a two part (course) honours research project. Over the two courses, students will be actively engaged in researching an avenue of law which is of particular interest to them through definition of the scope of the research, constructing a sound legal argument and presenting it in both a written and oral form. In this first course, students will be required to choose, and receive approval from the Course Co-ordinator for a research topic.  Students will then be required to submit a written abstract and make an oral presentation on the research completed to date.

LAWS4411 Advanced Research Project B
Pre-requisites: LAWS4410 Advanced Research Project A
This course is the second of a two part (course) honours research project. Over the two courses, students will be actively engaged in researching an avenue of law which is of particular interest to them through definition of the scope of the research, constructing a sound legal argument and presenting it in both a written and oral form. In this second course, students will be required to complete a 10,000 – 12,000 word thesis on their chosen topic.

LAWS4629/LAWS4620 Alternative Dispute Resolution
Pre-requisites: LAWS2329/LAWS2320 Trusts; LAWS3002 Administrative Law OR LAWS3329 Administrative Law B; LAWS3003 Constitutional Law OR LAWS3429 Constitutional Law B; LAWS3219/LAWS3210 Corporations & Partnerships AND Pre-requite or Co-requisite: LW350/LAW3500 Legal Philosophy; LAWS4719/LAWS4729/LAWS4710 Commercial Practice & Ethics
This course will foster the idea of the lawyer as problem solver. This course introduces processes increasingly being used by parties seeking to resolve disputes without adjudication. These include negotiation, mediation, conciliation, early neutral evaluation and arbitration.
Students will be shown how to distinguish between these processes and how to select the most appropriate form of Alternative Dispute Resolution for particular disputes. Differences between private and court annexed Alternative Dispute Resolution processes will also be explored.
Teaching methods will involve participation by students as various processes are demonstrated by working through examples of legal disputes arising in the community.

LAWS4649 Civil Procedure B
The course will continue to provide students with an overview of civil procedure in Western Australia and will cover topics post close of pleadings such as: discovery and inspection; interrogatories; pre-trial conferences, mediation and settlement; interlocutory proceedings and chambers advocacy (with a focus on injunctions); entry for trial; trial preparation; trial procedure and manner of presentation of evidence; extraction of orders; costs issues; judgment enforcement.

Specific skills of the course include:

  1. Learning to identify discoverable documents and privileged documents and professional duties to the court regarding the same as well as understanding the process of giving discovery and inspection and being able to prepare the relevant documentation involved.
  2. Learning to evaluate when interrogatories are appropriate and appreciating how to frame interrogatories correctly and recognise the principles behind objecting to the same
  3. Understanding how to enter a matter for trial including preparing the relevant documents
  4. Understanding pre-trial conference and mediation conference procedures, formal offers of compromise and payments into court, and the steps necessary to give effect to any settlement reached and finalise proceedings
  5. Understanding the steps leading up to trial preparation including both procedural preparation such as issuing subpoenas, exchanging witness statements and filing legal submissions and personal preparation such as preparation of questions for witnesses and opening and closing addresses
  6. Understanding of the procedure at trial and the manner of presentation of evidence
  7. Learning the various costs orders that may be made and the how costs are taxed
  8. Learning to extract orders and enforce judgments with particular focus on the Civil Judgments Enforcement Act 2004

LAWS4719/LAWS4710 Commercial Practice and Ethics
Pre-requisites:LAWS2329/LAWS2320 Trusts; LAWS3001 Evidence or LAWS3249 Evidence B; LAWS3002 Administrative Law OR LAWS3329 Administrative Law B; LAWS3003 Constitutional Law OR LAWS3429 Constitutional Law B; LAWS3219/LAWS3210 Corporations & Partnerships; LAWS3609/LAWS3600 Advocacy
This course covers the legal and commercial characteristics and documentation of various business structures and commercial transactions.
This course also covers legal ethics and professional responsibility.  This will include a lawyer's ethical duties under common law, equity, legislation and the professional conduct rules.  It will also include general ethical principles.


Elective courses

LAWS3009/LAWS3000 Health Law
Pre-requisites:LAWS2129/ LAWS2120 Contract Law B, LAWS2229/LAWS2220 Torts B, LAWS2529/LAWS2520 Criminal Law B; LAWS2429/LAWS2439/LAWS2420 Property Law B; Core courses: LAWS1049/LAWS1040 OR CORE1002 CORE1010 or CORE1001; CORE1030 or CORE1003
Health Law introduces students to the legal framework in which healthcare practitioners operate. This course covers  the legal duties of health professionals, consent to medical procedures, basic tort liability of health workers, access to medical records, privacy and confidentiality, withdrawal of treatment, the refusal of treatment, and the legal regulation of issues relevant to the beginning and end of life. Students will critically analyse the balance between liability of health care practitioners and rights of their patients. Students will also analyse the contribution of the Catholic Intellectual Tradition to health law.

LAWS3029/LAWS3020 Mining and Petroleum Law
Pre-requisite: LAWS3002 Administrative Law OR LAWS3329 Administrative Law B; LAWS2129/LAWS2120 Contract Law B; LAWS2229/LAWS2220 Torts B; LAWS2429/LAWS2439/LAWS2420 Property Law B; LAWS2529/LAWS2520 Criminal Law B; Core units: LAWS1049/LAWS1040 or CORE1002, CORE1010 or CORE1001; CORE1030 or CORE1003
This course will familiarise students with key features of law regulating the use and exploitation minerals and petroleum. The course will consider the conceptual property basis of mining and petroleum law and the history of Australian legal regimes relating to minerals and petroleum, before passing to a detailed consideration of the law applying to the exploitation of resources. Special attention will be paid to law regulating mining as a key industry. The course will focus on legal regimes affecting the exploitation of gas and petroleum. Consideration is given to preferred commercial structures used by investors and mining companies for exploiting natural resources, including joint ventures and farm-ins. Other areas of study include environmental law as it affects the mining and petroleum industries, mine safety legislation, and native title and its effect on resources projects.

LAWS3039/LAWS3030 Competition and Consumer Law
Pre-requisites: LAWS2129/LAWS2120 Contract Law B; LAWS2229/LAWS2220 Torts B; LAWS2429/LAWS2439/LAWS2420 Property Law B; LAWS2529/LAWS2520 Criminal Law B; Core courses: LAWS1049/LAWS1040 or CORE1002, CORE1010 or CORE1001, CORE1030 or CORE1003
This course focuses on competition (antitrust) and consumer protection provisions found in Australian legislation. The first part of the course considers constitutional underpinnings of competition and consumer protection law in Australia and the role of key regulators, principally the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC). The second part of the course deals with consumer protection law, in particular, the prohibition of misleading and deceptive conduct and false representations, unconscionable conduct as it affects businesses and individuals and the law in relation to consumer guarantees. In both parts of the course close attention is given to the wide and unique range of remedies available to businesses and consumers for breaches of the Act.

LAWS3049/LAWS3040 Employment Law
Pre-requisites: LAWS2129/LAWS2120 Contract Law B; LAWS2229/LAWS2220 Torts B; LAWS2429/LAWS2439/LAWS2420 Property Law B; LAWS2529/LAWS2520 Criminal Law B; Core courses: LAWS1049/LAWS1040 or CORE1002, CORE1010 or CORE1001; CORE1030 or CORE1003 AND Pre-requisite or co-requisite: LAWS3002 Administrative Law OR LAWS3329 Administrative Law B
This course deals with the legal regulation of employment within Australia. It will specifically explore: the employment relationship, creating an employment contract and the terms and conditions (express and implied) of employment contracts. It also covers relevant legislation, awards, agreements and other instruments that govern employment conditions, termination of the employment relationship; and occupational safety and health and equal opportunity in employment. The Course will explore both Federal and State jurisdictions and common law principles.

LAWS3059/LAWS3050 Family Law
Pre-requisites: LAWS2420/LAWS2439/LAWS2420 Property Law B; LAWS2329/LAWS2320 Trusts; Core courses: LAWS1049/LAWS1040 or CORE1002, CORE1010 or CORE1001; CORE1030 or CORE1003
This course provides an introduction to contemporary Family Law in Australia. The course starts with an introduction to Commonwealth and State legislative powers with particular emphasis on the Family Law Act 1975. Other topics covered include a study of the law of marriage, nullity and divorce, the law relating to children, the alteration of property interests between parties to a marriage and the interaction with third parties.

LAWS3079/LAWS3070 Intellectual Property Law
Pre-requisites: LAWS2129/ LAWS2120 Contract Law B; LAWS2229/LAWS2220 Torts B; LAWS2429/LAWS2439/LAWS2420 Property Law B; LAWS2529/LAWS2520 Criminal Law B; Core courses: LAWS1049/LAWS1040 or CORE1002, CORE1010 or CORE1001; CORE1030 or CORE1003
This course will centre on protection granted under the Copyright Act (1968) and Designs Act (2003) including principal areas such as copyright protection in literary, dramatic, musical and artistic works (for example, protection in sound recording, films, radio and television broadcasts). Protection of reputation through the Trade Marks Act (1995) under the common law of passing off and pursuant to relevant statutes will be examined. The protection of computer software, the Patents Act (1990), parallel importing, international treaties and the economic ramifications of intellectual property rights in Australia and overseas will be briefly considered.

LAWS3099/LAWS3090 Human Rights Law
Pre-requisites: LAWS2129/ LAWS2120 Contract Law B; LAWS2229/LAWS2220 Torts B; LAWS2429/LAWS2439/LAWS2420 Property Law B; LAWS2529/LAWS2520 Criminal Law B; Core courses: LAWS1049/LAWS1040 or CORE1002, CORE1010 or CORE1001; CORE1030 or CORE1003 AND Pre-requisite or co-requisite: LAWS3002 Administrative Law OR LAWS3329 Administrative Law B
Human Rights Law is a rapidly expanding branch of Public International Law. This course explores the historic evolution and conceptual foundation of contemporary human rights law, the key human rights treaties, and the main international and national institutions established to ensure compliance with human rights standards by governments, organizations and individuals. The extent to which human rights are recognized and protected under international and Australian law is critically examined. There is a particular focus on the universality of human rights, anti-discrimination legislation, religious liberty, vilification and freedom of speech.

LAWS3119/LAWS3110 Indigenous Law
Pre-requisites: LAWS2129/ LAWS2120 Contract Law B; LAWS2229/LAWS2220 Torts B; LAWS2429/LAWS2439/LAWS2420 Property Law B; LAWS2529/LAWS2520 Criminal Law B; Core courses: LAWS1049/LAWS1040 or CORE1002, CORE1010 or CORE1001; CORE1030 or CORE1003
Students will examine both the initial interaction of indigenous and European law through the doctrine of terra nullius, and the notion of customary law as a distinct entity, including proposals to give greater recognition to customary law. The development of the Native Title Act will be traced, as will its operations in relation to native title claims. Other legal issues of relevance to indigenous people, such as the criminal justice system, Aboriginal heritage, stolen generations, international law and reconciliation also will be addressed.

LAWS3129/LAWS3120 Insolvency
Pre-requisites: LAWS3219/LAWS3210 Corporations and Partnerships Core courses: LAWS1049/LAWS1040 or CORE1002, CORE1010 or CORE1001; CORE1030 or CORE1003
This course is an extension of corporation law. The course provides students with an overview of law affecting insolvency, and in particular, the external administration process undergone by corporate entities in financial trouble. This course involves study of procedures governing voluntary administration, receivership and liquidation with an emphasis placed on the statutory requirements in the Corporations Act 2001. The course examines the effects that external administration processes have on the company, its directors, employees, shareholders and creditors. In addition the course involves comparative analysis between external administration processes. In Fremantle the course will also consider law involving bankruptcy and the impact on individuals, creditors and other persons.

LAWS3139/LAWS3130 Succession
Pre-requisites: LAWS2329/LAWS2320 Trusts Core courses: LAWS1049/LAWS1040 or CORE1002, CORE1010 or CORE1001; CORE1030 or CORE1003
In this course students will examine the law of wills, intestate succession and the administration and distribution of an estate. This involves the requirements for making and drafting a valid will, factors which may render a will invalid, the revocation of wills, statutory provisions relating to  the distribution of intestate property , and the procedures for obtaining grants of representation for the administration of deceased estates. Students will also consider the categories of persons who may make an application for provision against the estate of a deceased person where the applicant receives no or inadequate provision from the estate.

LAWS3159/LAWS3150 Bioethics and the Law
Pre-requisites: LAWS2129/ LAWS2120 Contract Law B; LAWS2229/LAWS2220 Torts B; LAWS2429/LAWS2439/LAWS2420 Property Law B; LAWS2529/LAWS2520 Criminal Law B; Core courses: LAWS1049/LAWS1040 or CORE1002, CORE1010 or CORE1001; CORE1030 or CORE1003
Australian law regulates scientific techniques used in bioethics. Laws regulating provision of medical techniques inevitably raise complex and controversial questions about societal and ethical values. Students will be required to critically examine ethical theories and principles, case law, statutes, treaties, and the perspective of the Catholic Intellectual Tradition, and to consider whether the ethical stance represented in such law requires law reform.

LAWS3179/LAWS3170 The Law of Lender Liability
Pre-requisites: LAWS2129/ LAWS2120 Contract Law B; LAWS2229/LAWS2220 Torts B; LAWS2429/ LAWS2439/LAWS2420 Property Law B; LAWS2529/LAWS2520 Criminal Law B; Core courses: LAWS1049/LAWS1040 or CORE1002, CORE1010 or CORE1001; CORE1030 or CORE1003
In this course students will examine the law of lender liability. This includes overviews of the current regulatory and fiscal framework, the practice of lending, debt recovery and securities taken by lenders, general theories of liability pertaining to lenders and a transactional analysis of the lender's potential liabilities from the pre-contractual preliminary stage to the final enforcement stage. In addition two specific types of financing, that relating to syndicated loans and project financing, are examined to give students a better insight into this area of law.

LAWS3189/LAWS3180 Trial Advocacy
Pre-requisites: LAWS3609/LAWS3600 Advocacy; LAWS3001 Evidence OR LAWS3249 Evidence B
In this course students will build upon the interlocutory skills they learned in Advocacy and will learn how to run a complete trial from beginning to end, culminating with their participation in a full mock trial.

LAWS3250 Work Health and Safety Law
Pre-requisites: LAWS2129/LAWS2120 Contract Law B; LAWS2229/LAWS2220 Torts B; LAWS2429/LAWS2439/LAWS2420 Property Law B; LAWS2529/LAWS2520 Criminal Law B; Core courses: LAWS1049/LAWS1040 or CORE1002, CORE1010 or CORE1001; CORE1030 or CORE1003
This course examines the legal framework of occupational safety and health law. It has a practical focus on how law is applied in the workplace. It explores the statutory framework and principles, the obligations of persons conducting businesses or undertakings, the role and function of relevant statutory authorities, statutory notices and prosecutions, workers compensation and safety and health management systems.

LAWS3259 Occupational Safety and Health Law
Pre-requisites: LAWS2129/LAWS2120 Contract Law B; LAWS2229/LAWS2220 Torts B; LAWS2429/LAWS2439/LAWS2420 Property Law B; LAWS2529/LAWS2520 Criminal Law B; Core courses: LAWS1049/LAWS1040 or CORE1002, CORE1010 or CORE1001; CORE1030 or CORE1003
This course examines the legal framework of occupational safety and health law. It has a practical focus on how law is applied in the workplace. It explores the statutory framework and principles, the obligations of persons conducting businesses or undertakings, the role and function of relevant statutory authorities, statutory notices and prosecutions, workers compensation and safety and health management systems.

LAWS3269/LAWS3260 Environmental Law
Pre-requisites: LAWS3002 Administrative Law OR LAWS3329 Administrative Law B; Core courses: LAWS1049/LAWS1040 or CORE1002, CORE1010 or CORE1001; CORE1030 or CORE1003
This course explores fundamental principles of environmental law. Legal responses to contemporary environmental challenges are assessed, including those related to: loss of biodiversity, ozone depletion, global warming, and harm to the marine environment from various activities. Other themes explored include the nexus between human rights law and environmental law. Students will gain an understanding of the impact of environmental laws on both States and non-State actors (corporations and individuals). Particular attention is paid to: international treaties on environmental protection, domestic environmental law and policy, enforcement measures, remedies, regional mechanisms, the nexus between planning and environmental law and the expanding field of climate change law.

LAWS3280 International Commercial Dispute Resolution
Pre-requisites:LAWS2129/LAWS2120 Contract Law B, LAWS2229/LAWS2220 Torts B; LAWS2529/LAWS2520 Criminal Law B, LAWS2429/LAWS2439/LAWS2420 Property Law B; Core courses: LAWS1049/LAWS1040 or CORE1002, CORE1010 or CORE1001; CORE1030 or CORE1003
This course focuses on resolution of international commercial disputes through negotiation, mediation and international arbitration.

LAWS3339/LAWS3330 Construction and Building Contract Law
Pre-requisites:LAWS2129/LAWS2120 Contract Law B, LAWS2229/LAWS2220 Torts B; LAWS2529/LAWS2520 Criminal Law B, LAWS2429/LAWS2439LAWS2420 Property Law B; Core courses: LAWS1049/LAWS1040 or CORE1002, CORE1010 or CORE1001; CORE1030 or CORE1003
This course provides students with an understanding of how the principles of contract law apply in the practice of construction law. Discussion will focus on the unique terms which courts have implied into construction contracts, the use of the tender process in construction contract formation, how construction contracts are varied and how time limits under construction contracts can be made essential under either applicable statute law or the common law. Students will also learn the rights of construction contract parties in the event of poor performance or breach of contract.

LAWS3369/LAWS3360 Entertainment Law
Pre-requisites:LAWS2129/LAWS2120 Contract Law B, LAWS2229/LAWS2220 Torts B; LAWS2429/LAWS2439/LAWS2420 Property Law B; LAWS2529/LAWS2520 Criminal Law B, Core courses: LAWS1049/LAWS1040 or CORE1002 CORE1010 or CORE1001; CORE1030 or CORE1003
The entertainment sector is a growth industry in the modern Australian economy. In an era of collaboration between human creativity and performance and the emerging networks for digital creation, distribution and exhibition, the operation of the entertainment industry is underpinned by the complex interaction between various types of law including contract and intellectual property law. Accordingly, the legal framework of the entertainment industry is an area warranting focused study.

LAWS3389/LAWS3382 Mental Health Law
Pre-requisites:LAWS2129/LAWS2120 Contract Law B, LAWS2229/LAWS2220 Torts B; LAWS2429/ LAWS2439/LAWS2420 Property Law B; LAWS2529/LAWS2520 Criminal Law B, Core courses: LAWS1049/LAWS1040 or CORE1002 CORE1010 or CORE1001; CORE1030 or CORE1003
The course explores how Mental Illness impacts various areas of the law. Areas of focus will include criminal law, human rights legislation, international law, health law, consumer law, and guardianship and administration concerns.

LAWS3399/LAWS3390 Introduction to Canon Law
Pre-requisites:LAWS2129/LAWS2120 Contract Law B, LAWS2229/LAWS2220 Torts B; LAWS2429/ LAWS2439/LAWS2420 Property Law B; LAWS2529/LAWS2520 Criminal Law B, Core courses: LAWS1049/LAWS1040 or CORE1002 CORE1010 or CORE1001; CORE1030 or CORE1003
This course provides an introduction to the internal laws governing the Catholic Church (Canon Law). These laws are specified in the Code of Canon Law promulgated by Pope John Paul II (1983). Subject matter includes church discipline, marriage and annulment, the administration of Church property and how the church responds to complaints of sexual abuse.

LAWS3439/LAWS3430 Commercial Drafting
Pre-requisites: LAWS2129/LAWS2120 Contract Law B, LAWS2229/LAWS2220 Torts B; LAWS2329/LAWS2320 Trusts; LAWS2429/ LAWS2439/LAWS2420 Property Law B; LAWS2529/LAWS2520 Criminal Law B; LAWS3219/LAWS3210 Corporations & Partnerships;   Core courses: LAWS1049/LAWS1040 or CORE1002 CORE1010 or CORE1001; CORE1030 or CORE1003
This course will cover a number of principles of law, commercial issues and drafting skills relevant to the interpretation and drafting of a range of commonly used commercial agreements. This will include detailed consideration of formal parts of an agreement, execution issues, and various clauses of commercial agreements. As an applied course, it will also include an in-depth practical consideration of common commercial agreements.

LAWS3449/LAWS3440 Law and Religion
Pre-requisites: LAWS2129/LAWS2120 Contract Law B, LAWS2229/LAWS2220 Torts B; LAWS2429/ LAWS2439/LAWS2420 Property Law B; LAWS2529/LAWS2520 Criminal Law B; LAWS3219/LAWS3210 Corporations & Partnerships;   Core courses: LAWS1049/LAWS1040 or CORE1002, CORE1010 or CORE1001; CORE1030 or CORE1003
In this course students will focus on the key treaties and international institutions relevant to religion and assess the approach they have taken in determining the appropriate international and national role that religion should play. A key focus of the course will also be on the approach the Australian legislature, executive and judicature have taken in resolving a variety of issues involving religion. Particular topics covered in the course will include the approach of international law to religion, the role of the Australian Constitution, anti-discrimination laws, blasphemy and anti-conversion laws.

LAWS3459/LAWS3450 Law of Corporate Finance
Pre-requisite: LAWS3219/LAWS3210 Corporations & Partnerships;   Core courses: LAWS1049/LAWS1040 or CORE1002, CORE1010 or CORE1001; CORE1030 or CORE1003
In this course students will expand beyond the fundamental principles of corporate regulation considered in LAWS3219 Corporations and Partnerships to examine the regulation of equity raisings in Australia under the Corporations Act 2001 (Cth Act) and the Australian Securities Exchange Limited Listing Rules (Listing Rules). The course covers the raising of equity and debt capital finance and how the Act and the Listing Rules regulate companies once securities have been issued and consider the administrative network relevant to securities offerings and regulation, the regulation of insider trading and market manipulation.

LAWS3479/LAWS3470 Introduction to Australian Income Tax Law
Pre-requisites: LAWS3002 Administrative Law OR LAWS3329 Administrative Law B; LAWS2129/LAWS2120 Contract Law B, LAWS2229/LAWS2220 Torts B; LAWS2429/ LAWS2439/LAWS2420 Property Law B; LAWS2529/LAWS2520 Criminal Law B; Core courses: LAWS1049/LAWS1040 or CORE1002, CORE1010 or CORE1001; CORE1030 or CORE1003
This course provides an introduction to income taxation legislation and practice in Australia. It focuses on the assessment of income and deductibility of expenditure, the treatment of capital gains and losses, fringe benefits and other related legislation. It considers the assessment provisions from the perspective of individuals, partnerships, companies and trusts.

LAWS3489/LAWS3480 Advanced Taxation Law
Pre-requisite: LAWS3479/LAWS3470 Introduction to Australian Income Tax Law
This course builds on the general principles of taxation law studied in LAWS3470: Introduction to Australian Income Tax. In this course students will learn about tax losses, how Australian tax legislation responds to tax evasion, avoidance and planning, tax incentives and reliefs, the taxation of international transactions, the taxation of financial transactions and the taxation of superannuation. They will also explore how the Australian taxation system is administered by the Commissioner of Taxation and the Australian Taxation Office.

LAWS3499/LAWS3490 Insurance Law
Pre-requisites: LAWS2129/LAWS2120 Contract Law B, LAWS2229/LAWS2220 Torts B; LAWS2529/LAWS2520 Criminal Law B; LAWS2429/ LAWS2439/LAWS2420 Property Law B; Core courses: LAWS1049/LAWS1040 or CORE1002, CORE1010 or CORE1001; CORE1030 or CORE1003
This course will discuss the definition and history of insurance and the identity of the normal parties involved in insurance contracts. Students will learn how insurance contracts are formed and underwritten, how insurers respond to and settle claims and how the Insurance Contracts Acts 1984 has affected insurance practice.
The course will consider the traditional marine, life and reinsurance contracts but will also discuss forms of insurance which have emerged more recently, including public liability, professional indemnity, industrial special risks, property, and insurance for company directors and officers.
The course will also consider the regulatory world in which insurers operate and consider the roles of the Australian Prudential Regulation Authority and the Australian Security and Investment Commission and consider the provisions of the Insurance Act 1973.

LAWS3509/LAWS3500 Legal Philosophy
Pre-requisites: LASWS2329/LAWS2320 Trusts; LAWS3219/LAWS3210 Corporations & Partnerships; LAWS3002 Administrative Law OR LAWS3329 Administrative Law B; LAWS3003 Constitutional Law OR LAWS3429 Constitutional Law B AND Pre-requisite or Co-requisite: LAWS4719/LW471.1/LAWS4710 Commercial Practice & Ethics; LAWS4629/LAWS4620 Alternative Dispute Resolution
In this course, students will learn of the major traditions of thought about law and legal systems, with a view to encouraging them to place their own ideas within the context of those traditions, and to become constructively critical of their own views and the views of others. The course will combine a rigorous approach to the gaining by students of knowledge about those traditions, with openness to different views among the students and the encouragement of the development in them of an understanding of where they themselves stand within these traditions, and the advantages and deficiencies in their choices. Particular emphasis is given to the contribution made by the Catholic Intellectual Tradition and Christianity in general to Legal Philosophy.

LAWS3519/LAWS3510 Law and War
Pre-requisites: LAWS2129/LAWS2120 Contract Law B, LAWS2229/LAWS2220 Torts B; LAWS2429/ LAWS2439/LAWS2420 Property Law B; LAWS2529/LAWS2520 Criminal Law B; LAWS3219/LAWS3210 Corporations & Partnerships;   Core courses: LAWS1049/LAWS1040 or CORE1002, CORE1010 or CORE1001; CORE1030 or CORE1003
This course examines the evolving role of law during times of armed conflict with a particular focus on international humanitarian law and international criminal law.  The course will offer both a historical and contemporary examination of the role that law has had in limiting the actions of combatants during times of war. Students will consider the legal rules derived from instruments such as the Geneva Conventions of 1949 (and their Additional Protocols of 1977) as well as the practical difficulties with enforcement of these rules.  Students will also consider the development of individual criminal responsibility for breaches of these rules and the challenges associated with criminal sanction for war crimes at the international level.  Particular attention will be given to the International Criminal Court.    Students will consider the rules pertaining to civilians during warfare, the growing body of treaty law which limits certain types of weapons (eg biological and chemical weapons) and the uncertain legal implications of new forms of warfare – such as unmanned drones.  They will also examine the role of various institutions and agencies in scrutinising the behaviour of states and individuals during armed conflicts.

LAWS3529/LAWS3520 Special Topics in Law I
Pre-requisites: LAWS2129/LAWS2120 Contract Law B, LAWS2229/LAWS2220 Torts B; LAWS2429/ LAWS2439/LAWS2420 Property Law B; LAWS2529/LAWS2520 Criminal Law B; Core courses: LAWS1049/LAWS1040 or CORE1002, CORE1010 or CORE1001; CORE1030 or CORE1003
This course involves a detailed examination and analysis of a specific topic in law. The topic (along with any pre-requisite courses) will be published as part of the annual list of electives published by the respective Schools of Law in Fremantle and Sydney.

LAWS3539/LAWS3521 Special Topics in Law II
Pre-requisites: LAWS2129/LAWS2120 Contract Law B, LAWS2229/LAWS2220 Torts B; LAWS2429/ LAWS2439/LAWS2420 Property Law B; LAWS2529/LAWS2520 Criminal Law B; Core courses: LAWS1049/LAWS1040 or CORE1002, CORE1010 or CORE1001; CORE1030 or CORE1003
This course involves a detailed examination and analysis of a specific topic in law. The topic (along with any pre-requisite courses) will be published as part of the annual list of electives published by the respective Schools of Law in Fremantle and Sydney.

LAWS3609/LAWS3600 Advocacy
Pre-requisites: LAWS2129/LAWS2120 Contract Law B, LAWS2229/LAWS2220 Torts B; AND Pre-requisite or Co-requisite: LAWS2319/LAWS2310 Equity; LAWS2419/LAWS2410 Property Law A
In this course, students will develop skills through the development and presentation of a legal argument. Students are required to participate in advocacy presentations including a Plea in Mitigation at Petty Sessions or Local Court level and an appeal in a higher court. Students will develop skills in preparation of an oral argument, court room etiquette and public speaking. They are also required to submit written court documents.

LAWS3739/LAWS3730 Law in Context (Externships)
Pre-requisites:  At Course Coordinator's/Dean's discretion OR By invitation only
This course involves students working in legal practice engaging in clinical legal education. Students will undertake a work placement with an approved legal practitioner in a Community Legal Centre or similar approved placement for at least 80 hours. The experiential learning in this course comes through critical reflection on the experience of working in practice. Through reflective learning students will sharpen their practical legal skills, and develop an appreciation and understanding of ethical dimensions of legal practice, particularly in the context of Catholic Social Justice teaching.

LAWS3800 Law Review A
Pre-requisites:  At Course Coordinator's/Dean's discretion OR By invitation only
The course is the first of a two part (course) law review project. Over the two courses, students will enhance skills associated with the writing, production and publication of an academic and scholarly law journal.  Students will learn to review legal writing critically and develop further their own legal research and writing skills in the process.  It will provide opportunities for students to integrate the law learnt in the classroom with material submitted for publication.

LAWS3801 Law Review B
Pre-requisite: LAWS3800 Law Review A
The course is the second of a two part (course) law review project. Over the two courses, students will enhance skills, associated with the writing, production and publication of an academic and scholarly law journal subject to peer review.  Students will learn to review legal writing critically and develop further their own research and writing skills in the process.  It will provide opportunities for students to integrate the law learnt in the classroom with writing submitted for publication.

LAWS3959/LAWS3950 Commercial Law
Pre-requisites: LAWS2129/LAWS2120 Contract Law B, LAWS2229/LAWS2220 Torts B; LAWS2429/LAWS2439/LAWS2420 Property Law B; LAWS2529/LAWS2520 Criminal Law B; Core courses: LAWS1049/LAWS1040 or CORE1002, CORE1010 or CORE1001; CORE1030 or CORE1003
This course focuses on fundamental areas of commercial law including sale of goods, agency, bailment, insurance, guarantees, negotiable instruments, and consumer credit. Due to the increasing intervention of legislation within the commercial arena, this course will also focus on legislation covering the areas mentioned above.

LAWS4029/LAWS4020 Comparative Law
Pre-requisites: LAWS2129/LAWS2120 Contract Law B, LAWS2229/LAWS2220 Torts B; LAWS2429/LAWS2439/LAWS2420 Property Law B; LAWS2529/LAWS2520 Criminal Law B; Core courses: LAWS1049/LAWS1040 or CORE1002, CORE1010 or CORE1001; CORE1030 or CORE1003
Comparative Law includes study of major families of law (Romano-Germanic and Common Law). The basic differences between civil and common law and their differing approach to public and private law. This course will include case studies in the common law, civil law and laws associated with the Islamic tradition. The prominent differences between different legal systems will also be examined (e.g. the impact of the doctrine of precedent as well as the differences between adversarial and investigatory civil procedure methods).

LAWS4039/LAWS4030 Private International Law
Pre-requisites: LAWS2129/LAWS2120 Contract Law B, LAWS2229/LAWS2220 Torts B; LAWS2429/LAWS2439/LAWS2420 Property Law B; LAWS2529/LAWS2520 Criminal Law B; Core courses: LAWS1049/LAWS1040 or CORE1002, CORE1010 or CORE1001; CORE1030 or CORE1003
Private International Law covers traditional resolution of conflict of law issues including foreign enforcement of domestic judgments and domestic enforcement of foreign judgments. This course will also include, international privacy, counter terrorism and anti-money laundering legislation, anti-corruption legislation, cross-border financing, tax shelters, the enforcement of foreign arbitral awards, the General Agreement on Tariff and Trade, the World Trade Organisation free trade agreements generally, and the jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court.

LAWS4220 International Law Moot
Pre-requisites: At Course Coordinator's/Dean's discretion OR By invitation only.
This course provides students with an opportunity to obtain an understanding of international trade law and international commercial arbitration law. The course is also skills-based because students will be involved in numerous simulated arbitration hearings and will study oral advocacy skills which are needed to address an arbitral court. The goal of the course is to foster the study of international commercial law and arbitration for resolution of international business disputes through its application to a concrete problem of a client and to train law leaders of tomorrow in methods of alternative dispute resolution.

LAWS4229 International Law Moot
Pre-requisites: At Course Coordinator's/Dean's discretion OR By invitation only.
This course provides students with an opportunity to obtain an understanding of international trade law and international commercial arbitration law. The course is also skills-based because students will be involved in numerous simulated arbitration hearings and will study oral advocacy skills which are needed to address an arbitral court. The goal of the Vis Arbitral Moot is to foster the study of international commercial law and arbitration for resolution of international business disputes through its application to a concrete problem of a client and to train law leaders of tomorrow in methods of alternative dispute resolution. The objective is to train students in the principles of international trade law and international commercial arbitration. The ultimate goal is to train a team of students that will participate in the prestigious Willem C Vis International Commercial Arbitration Moot at the highest levels, hopefully winning many international prizes.

LAWS4418 Advanced Research Project A
The aim of this course is to develop legal research and writing skills on a specific area of law. This course is only available to final year law students who have been invited into the Honours course. Students are required to submit an appropriate research topic for approval by a supervisor. Approval depends upon the subject-matter of the proposal and the availability of an appropriate supervisor.

LAWS4419 Advanced Research Project B
The aim of this course is to develop legal research and writing skills on a specific area of law. This course is only available to final year law students who have been invited into the Honours course. Students are required to submit an appropriate research topic for approval by a supervisor. Approval depends upon the subject-matter of the proposal and the availability of an appropriate supervisor.

LAWS4429/LAWS4420 Directed Research Project
Pre-requisites: At Course Coordinator's/Dean's discretion OR By invitation only.
This course provides a limited number of final-year students the opportunity to undertake a research project on a topic of their choice, thus allowing further specialisation in a specific field.

LAWS5339 Canon Law
This course is intended to provide students with an introduction to the internal laws governing the Catholic Church – which laws are known as ‘Canon Law’.  These are specified in the Code of Canon Law promulgated by Pope John Paul II in 1983. The course will cover a variety of topics such as the historical background to Canon Law; the purpose, nature and sources of Canon Law; parts of the 1983 Code of Canon Law; the Church’s tribunals (including procedure, evidence and appeals); the disciplining of clergy and laity; marriage and annulment; the administration of Church property; and complaints of sexual abuse against clergy, religious and Church employees (such as teachers).

LAWS5344 Law and Religion
One of the most important issues facing States and the international community today is the appropriate role that religion should play in a variety of legal and political issues. This course will focus on the key treaties and international institutions relevant to religion and assess the approach they have taken in determining the appropriate international and national role that religion should play. A key focus of the course will also be on the approach the Australian legislature, executive and judicature have taken in resolving a variety of issues involving religion. Particular topics covered in the course will include the approach of international law to religion, the role of the Australian Constitution, anti-discrimination laws, blasphemy and anti-conversion laws. The course will be taught in an interactive style where students will be able to discuss with their colleagues some of the key moral and political issues that are raised in addressing the appropriate relationship that should exist between the law and religion.