Ms Justine Howard


BSc (Nursing), Dip Law, LLM (Legal Practice)

Phone: 9433 0724

  • Biography

    Justine obtained her Bachelor of Science in Nursing at Curtin University of Technology in 2000. She then moved to Sydney to commence her legal studies, whilst working full time as a Registered Nurse.

    Justine then became the Associate to the Honourable Mr Justice Barry O’Keefe AM of the Supreme Court of New South Wales for one year. Mr Justice O'Keefe retired from the Court and Justine then became the Associate to the Honourable Justice Hislop, also of the Supreme Court of New South Wales, for three years. Justine's time as a Supreme Court Associate was completed whilst studying law part time.

    In 2007, Justine commenced working as a lawyer in the dispute resolution group of Sparke Helmore Lawyers in Sydney, eventually transferring to the Perth office of the firm. She practiced primarily in the areas of general tortious liability, insurance related disputes and medical defence litigation.

    In 2009, Justine was the Assistant Secretary of the St Thomas More Society for Catholic Judges, Barristers and Lawyers in New South Wales. Justine also holds a Master of Laws from the Australian National University.

    Justine commenced working full time for Notre Dame in 2010. Justine is the unit coordinator and lecturer in Criminal Law, Remedies and Alternative Dispute Resolution. Justine has previously tutored in Equity and Trusts.

  • Teaching areas

    Criminal Law - Unit Coordinator and Lecturer 
    Remedies - Unit Coordinator and Lecturer 
    Alternative Dispute Resolution - Unit Coordinator and Lecturer

  • Research

    2016 - current

    Doctor of Philosophy - In progress
    The University of Notre Dame Australia

    Involvement in successful grants

    Principal/Chief Investigator
    Trapp G, Hooper P, Thornton L, Pollard C, Rosenberg M, Christian H, Foster S, Howard J. How healthy (or unhealthy) is the food environment around Perth schools?
    Healthway Health Promotion Exploratory Research Grant ($75,000; 2018 - 2020).

    Associate Investigator
    Trapp G, Cross D, Martin K, Christian H, Ambrosini G, Oddy W, McStay C. Energy drinks: an emerging health risk for children and adolescents.
    Telethon-Perth Children’s Hospital Research Fund ($237,233; 2016-2018).

    Honours supervision

    Justine supervises an Honours student each calendar year.

  • Journal articles

      Peer reviewed articles

      • Trapp GSA, Hurworth M, Christian H, Bromberg M, Howard J, McStay C, Ambrosini GA, Martin K, Harray A, Cross D, Oddy WH, Hammond D., ‘Prevalence and pattern of energy drink intake among Australian adolescents’ (2020) Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Accepted 30th May 2020.
      • Howard, Justine, ‘Australia’s International Law Obligations Concerning Food Security’ (2018) 24 Australian International Law Journal 169.
      • Bromberg, Marilyn and Howard, Justine, ‘Red Bull: Does it Give you Wings or Cardiac Disturbances? Modifying the Law Regarding Energy Drinks in Australia’ (2016) 24(2) The Journal of Law and Medicine 433.
      • Krawitz, Marilyn and Howard, Justine, ‘Should Australian Courts Give More Witnesses the Right to Skype?’ (2015) 25 Journal of Judicial Administration 44.

      Other articles

      • Howard, Justine and Krawitz, Marilyn, ‘Witnesses testifying remotely by Skype’ (2015) 18(7) Internet Law Bulletin 163.


      • Trapp, G., Christian, H., McStay, C. L., Martin, K., Ambrosini, G., Bromberg, M., Howard, J. & Cross, D., ‘P147 Individual, Social, and Environmental Factors Associated with Adolescent Energy Drink Consumption’ (2019) 51(7S) Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, S98
  • Conference papers

    29 November 2018

    Panel speaker at the “Rural Crime and the Law Conference” (Armidale, NSW)

    I presented my research on Australia’s International Law Obligations concerning Food Security in a joint session.

    1 November 2015

    Panel speaker at the WA Society of Jewish Jurists and Lawyers, Sixth Medico-Legal Conference "Food and the Law" (Perth, Australia)

    I presented my (joint, with Dr Marilyn Bromberg) energy drink research with Dr Gina Trapp and Dr Marilyn Bromberg.

    21-22 May 2015

    The Australasian Institute for Judicial Administration Incorporated’s (AIJA) Conference, “Justice Without Barriers, Technology for Greater Access to Justice” (Brisbane, Australia)

    Sole speaker in a session: ‘The Future of Courts and Tribunals’, convened by His Honour Judge Michael Jarrett of the Federal Circuit Court of Australia, regarding whether Australian Courts should give witnesses the right to Skype. This arose out of the joint research of Dr Marilyn Krawitz and myself.

    19 April 2015

    Cited in the ‘Remarks of the Hon. Marilyn Warren AC, Chief Justice of Victoria, at the 23rd Biennial Conference of District and County Court Judges Australia and New Zealand’ paper Embracing Technology: The Way Forward For The Courts (footnotes 29 – 31 (inclusive))

  • In the media

    10 August 2015
    Interviewed for ABC Kimberley Radio ‘Mornings’ on the regulation of energy drinks:

    July 2015
    Cited in ABC Radio National ‘Law Report’ article US energy drink death case prompts calls for Australian ban for

    Cited in ‘The West Australian’ article Push to ban energy drink sales to kids

    Cited in ‘’ article Keeping kids off energy drinks is not the government's job:

    My colleague, Dr Marilyn Krawitz, was interviewed for Radio 6PR ‘Breakfast Show’ on our joint energy drinks research.

    Interviewed for ABC Radio National ‘Law Report’ on the regulation of energy drinks

    9 December 2014:
    Interviewed for ABC Radio National ‘Law Report’ on the use of Skype in the Courtroom:

  • Professional affiliations

    Law Society of Western Australia
    Mental Health and Wellbeing Committee
    March 2015 - present
    (Academic representative)

    The Aurora Project
    Aurora Internship Program
    February 2018 – December 2019
    (Panel member)

    Law Society of Western Australia
    Advancement of Women in the Legal Profession Working Group
    March 2017 – June 2019
    Terms of Reference for the Working Group concluded on 30 June 2019
    (Mental Health and Wellbeing Committee representative)

  • Community engagement

    • Mercedes College Alumni – Immediate Past President
    • Mundaring Bicentennial Scholarship Trust – Trustee
    • Acts 2 College of Mission and Evangelisation (Osborne Park) – Board member
  • Other

    Submission to Parliamentary Committees
    Trapp G,Cross D, Martin K, Christian H, Oddy W, Howard J, Bromberg M. Appendix 1 to Submission No 74 to Select Committee on Personal Choice and Community Safety, Parliament of Western Australia, Inquiry on Personal Choice and Community Safety (5 October 2018).

    Submission to Statutory Authorities
    Howard J, Trapp G. Submission (unnumbered) to Urgent Proposal, Food Standards Australia New Zealand, P1054 – Pure and highly concentrated caffeine products (14 November 2019).

    Arbitration Training Program(Sunyani, Ghana)
    In July 2013, I co-taught a one-week intensive Arbitration Training Program to Ghanaian lawyers at the The Catholic University of Ghana, run through the Marian Conflict Resolution Centre.