- Open Access Concept
- How does Open Access Compare?
- Research Publishing Guidelines
- Creative Commons (CC) licenses
Open Access Concept
Open Access Concept The world-wide movement in academic publishing to Open Access dissemination of research findings is based on the public's right to know in a world where research is often reliant on government funding. Research publishing in Open Access aims to bring new research outcomes in the public domain with unrestricted access and the right to re-use research publications where applicable.
How does Open Access compare?
Along the spectrum of research publishing models, the visibility and reach of new research findings is dependent on the accessibility of the original publication. A broad categorisation of dissemination models reveals 3 distinctly different approaches to academic publishing:
More detailed information for research staff and students can be found in the international online resource 'Open Access Scholarly Information Sourcebook' via the University Library.
Research Publishing Guidelines
The choice of publication model for a new research study is likely driven by the policy of your institution, research funder and journal of interest. Notre Dame endorses the Open Access strategy in Australia as determined by the Australian Research Council (ARC) and the National Health & Medical Research Council (NHMRC). Its institutional repository for free access to Notre Dame publications (most commonly after a 12 month embargo period) is called ResearchOnline@ND. To understand the rules on making your research publication visible to the wider public, you need to recognise the existence of 3 versions of your research papers: (1) the preprint version which is a copy of the manuscript draft you submit to a journal for publication; (2) the author version of an accepted research manuscript by a journal after peer review; and (3) the formatted publisher version of your accepted manuscript as the official publication with an assigned digital object identifier (DOI) for accurate citation of the publication.
The Australasian Open Access Strategy Group provides more information around the guidelines on Open Access and the requirement to self-archive your research output in an electronic Australian institutional repository. Journal policies vary on whether author or publisher versions of research publications can be self-archived and when exactly. To verify specific journal expectations on self-archiving as part of Green Open Access requirements, the online not-for-profit resource Sherpa /RoMEO can be consulted.
Creative Commons (CC) licenses
Creative Commons (CC) is a useful tool for Open Access publishing and sharing your research output on and offline. It presents an alternative to a conventional copyright assignment when protecting your research. The use of CC-licenses is free and allows various levels of permission to share, modify or credit work. An important difference between conventional and Open Access journals is who owns the copyright of a research publication. Traditionally, copyright is transferred from the authors to a publisher at the time of acceptance of a research paper for publication. This limits the free use of the publication or parts of it for extended research-related purposes by the authors and requires permission by the publisher as the copyright owner. When publishing in Open Access, the author of a research publication remains the copyright owner at all times. Choosing the right license to provide enhanced visibility and access to your research work without concerns about potential inappropriate or unfair use of your work is important. The CC website provides an easy license selection tool to understand what you need to consider. Further information on the definitions and symbols representing the various levels of control are outlined in the CC diagram: